Custom Rates

Cornhusker Economics June 22, 20162016 Nebraska Farm Custom Rates Statewide Survey Summary


Many Nebraska agricultural producers hire custom operators to perform machinery services for their farms and ranches across the state. The 2016 Nebraska Custom Rates Survey summarizes the current rates charged for specific machinery operations. Prices paid for these services become more critical as profit margins tighten because of lower commodity prices.

The survey divides the custom operations performed in Nebraska into two sections. Part I includes spring and summer operations such as tillage, planting, and harvesting of small grains. Part II includes information about fall and miscellaneous operations. Custom rates reported include charges for the use of necessary equipment, fuel, labor, and supplies such as baling wire or twine provided by the custom operator. Seed, fertilizer, and chemical costs are not included.

Full summaries from this survey, including district as well as state data, are published as University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension Circular (EC) 823 for Part I and EC 826 for Part II.  They can be found online at http://farm.unl.edu/customrates.

The tables below are a statewide summary of the most popular machinery operations from the 2016 survey. The information presented in this publication should be used only as a guide. Rates may change from year to year due to expense differences and local market forces.

PDF

Jim Jansen
Nebraska Extension
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
jjansen4@unl.edu
402-254-6821

Roger Wilson
Department of Agricultural Economics
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
rwilson6@unl.edu
402-472-1771
Land Tillage OperationAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Disk harrowing, primary (heavy), / acre 14.77 15.00 7.00-25.00 79
Disk harrowing, finishing (light), / acre 13.81 12.00 8.00-26.00 62
Chisel plow, / per acre 15.40 20.00 8.00-26.00 24
Deep chisel, / per acre 17.81 20.00 10.00-25.00 24
Subsoil or rip, / acre 19.54 25.00 10.00-35.00 46
Field cultivator, / acre 13.16 15.00 7.00-25.00 60
Vertical or turbo tillage, / acre 14.56 14.00 10.00-25.00 33
Strip tilling, / per acre 18.23 15.00 10.00-35.00 30
Stalk shredder pto driven, / acre 11.38 10.00 7.00-18.00 29
Combination tillage operations, primary, / acre 13.61 15.00 8.50-20.00 14
Combination tillage operations, finishing, / acre 14.00 15.00 8.00-26.00 26
Rolling stalk chopper (no pto), / acre 10.34 10.00 6.00-15.00 22

Planting and Post Planting OperationsAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Drilling
- small grains, conventional drill, / acre 14.60 18.00 9.00-22.00 29
- small grains, no-till drill, / acre 17.16 15.00 12.00-24.00 58
- soybeans, conventional drill, / acre 17.17 20.00 10.00-22.00 18
- soybeans, no-till drill, / acre 17.76 18.00 12.00-25.00 69
Seeding legumes, / acre 17.56 16.00 10.00-28.00 13
Seeding crp ground, / acre 21.15 20.00 10.00-31.00 13
Cultivation tillage, conventional, / acre 10.25 10.00 8.00-15.00 20
Cultivation tillage, handling residue, / acre 12.32 10.00 7.00-16.00 26
Cultivation tillage, hill or ditch, / acre 11.13 10.00 7.00-15.00 30
Planting row crops
- no coulters, with band applicator, / acre 18.62 20.00 12.00-25.00 47
- no coulters, without band applicator, / acre 18.02 15.00 10.00-35.00 33
- coulters, with band applicator, / acre 18.55 20.00 12.00-30.00 53
- coulters, without band applicator, / acre 17.33 15.00 10.00-25.00 40
- ridge planting, with band applicator, / acre 18.91 18.00 12.00-25.50 56
- ridge planting, without band applicator, / acre 17.79 15.00 12.00-25.00 34

Haying and BalingAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Mowing, / acre 16.16 15.00 6.00-60.00 19
Raking, / acre 4.94 5.00 1.50-10.00 41
Swathing with crushing/crimping, / acre 14.63 15.00 9.50-25.00 65
Baling
- small square bales with twine tie, / bale 0.82 1.00 0.40-1.50 19
- large square bales, / bale 14.20 15.00 8.00-21.00 20
- large round bales without net wrap, / bale 12.90 13.00 10.00-17.00 25
- large round bales with net wrap, / bale 13.85 15.00 9.00-23.00 77
Raking cornstalks, / acre 5.18 7.00 1.50-10.00 21
Baling cornstalks with large round baler, / bale 15.11 15.00 10.00-23.00 44

Small Grain Harvest (Wheat, Oats, and Barley)Average RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Windrowing grain crops, / acre 20.83 12.00 10.50-38.00 15
Combining small grains, flat charge, / acre 31.87 30.00 18.00-49.00 71
Hauling
- small grain to local storage, / cents per bushel 12.70 10.00 3.50-23.00 61
- extra charge over 8.5 miles, / cents per bushel 5.76 5.00 0.50-18.00 31

Application of FertilizerAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Dry fertilizer solid broadcast, / acre 6.17 7.00 3.00-12.00 42
Dry fertilizer variable rate, / acre 7.52 6.50 4.50-15.00 28
Liquid fertilizer solid application, / acre 8.13 7.00 4.50-24.00 31
Liquid fertilizer variable rate, / acre 10.07 7.00 6.00-19.00 16
Anhydrous ammonia, conventional knife, / acre 13.00 8.00 6.00-25.00 14
Anhydrous ammonia, knife with coulters, / acre 14.15 14.00 7.00-25.00 69

Insect, Disease, and Weed ControlAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Spraying weed control, boom, / acre 6.82 7.00 3.95-12.00 79
Crop spraying by surface vehicle , / acre 7.13 6.50 3.50-19.00 54
Crop spraying by aircraft, / acre 10.00 7.50 6.50-18.00 21

Waste HandlingAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Loading manure with tractor & loader, / hour 74.79 100.00 22.00-125.00 14
Hauling and spreading dry manure, / hour 136.67 100.00 25.00-400.00 15

Harvesting Grains & SoybeansAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Combining irrigated corn
- flat charge, / acre 33.74 30.00 24.00-45.00 28
- including tractor and grain cart, / acre 36.96 35.00 22.00-52.00 57
- including hauling to storage, / acre 37.65 35.00 25.00-50.00 13
Combining dryland corn
- flat charge, / acre 32.87 30.00 20.00-45.00 25
- including tractor and grain cart, / acre 36.45 30.00 28.00-52.00 51
- including hauling to storage, / acre 35.92 40.00 25.00-45.00 20
Combining high moisture corn
- including tractor and grain cart, / acre 39.45 35.00 30.00-60.00 20
Combining soybeans
- flat charge, / acre 31.95 30.00 20.00-45.00 38
- including tractor and grain cart, / acre 36.64 35.00 25.00-50.00 58
- including hauling to storage, / acre 35.92 40.00 25.00-45.00 24

Hauling OperationsAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Hauling grain
- from combine with tractor & grain cart, / acre 5.72 5.00 1.50-12.00 15
- from combine with tractor & grain cart, / bushel 0.04 0.03 0.01-0.07 14
- grain truck, flat charge, bushel / mile 0.12 0.10 0.03-0.25 84
- grain truck, dist. above 14 miles, bushel / mile 0.06 0.01 0.01-0.30 43

Making Silage And EarlageAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Corn silage
- field chopping, hauling, filling, & packing silo, / ton 9.00 10.00 7.00-10.50 11
- field chopping and hauling, / ton 8.20 9.00 7.00-10.00 10
- field chopping only, / ton 4.92 - 3.50-6.50 6
Earlage, flat charge per hour (field chopping only) 11.00 - 10.00-12.00 3
Alfalfa silage
- field chopping, hauling, filling, & packing silo, / ton 10.75 - 9.50-12.00 4
- field chopping and hauling, / ton 9.33 8.50 8.50-10.50 6
- field chopping only, / ton 5.58 - 4.75-6.50 3

Hauling SilageAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Hauling silage
- from field to silo by truck, / hour 91.88 100.00 45-105 8
- from field to silo by truck, / ton 3.21 3.25 2.50-3.75 6

Other Custom OperationsAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Handling grain
- dying per point of moisture removed / per bushel 0.04 - 0.02-0.08 5
- renting bin storage, / bushel 0.09 0.10 0.01-0.20 27
- elevating grain (on farm), / bushel 0.07 0.10 0.02-0.10 13
Pivot maintenance
- checking during irrigation season, / acre 13.79 15.00 2.00-25.00 19
- closing pivot tracks, / hour 144.62 300.00 50.00-300.00 13
- closing tracks, / pivot 209.00 100.00 60.00-500.00 15
Clearing cedar trees, / hour 91.11 75.00 75.00-125.00 9
Grinding dry hay, / ton 10.47 10.00 6.50-15.00 6

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