2018 Nebraska Farm Custom Rates

Cornhusker Economics August 1, 20182018 Nebraska Farm Custom Rates Statewide Survey Summary

By Glennis McClure

Many Nebraska agricultural producers hire custom operators to perform machinery services for their farms and ranches across the state. The 2018 Nebraska Custom Rates Survey Report summarizes the current rates charged for specific machinery operations and other on farm or ranch custom services. Prices paid for these services become more critical as profit margins tighten because of lower commodity prices.

Findings from the survey are divided into two major sections. Part I includes spring and summer operations such as tillage, planting and harvesting of small grains. Part II includes information about fall and miscellaneous operations. Custom rate summaries in these sections include regional rates for the eight Nebraska Agricultural Statistics Districts and the overall state. A total of 151 custom rates on machinery operations and related services were reported as part of the 2018 survey with 227 survey participants providing information on the various rates. Custom rates reported include charges for the use of necessary equipment, fuel, labor and supplies, such as baling wire or twine, provided by the custom operator. Seed, fertilizer and chemical costs are not included. 

Full summaries from this survey, including district as well as state data, are published as a University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension Circular (EC) 823 and available online at agecon.unl.edu/custom-rates.

The following custom rates are a statewide summary of the most popular machinery operations from the 2018 survey. The information presented in this publication should be used only as a guide. Rates may change from year to year due to expense differences and local market forces.

State Averages

LAND TILLAGE OPERATIONSAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Disk Harrowing, Primary (heavy), rate per acre 14.43 15.00 8-25 69
Disk Harrowing, Finishing (light), rate per acre 13.71 15.00 10-19 51
Chisel Plow, rate per acre 14.45 18.00 8-25 11
Deep Chisel, rate per acre 18.77 18.00 11-30 15
Subsoil or Rip, rate per acre 21.08 25.00 12-30 37
Field Cultivator, rate per acre 13.61 15.00 8-22 49
Vertical or Turbo Tillage, rate per acre 15.40 15.00 12-25 21
Combination Tillage Operations, Finishing, rate per acre 13.88 15.00 8-20 15
Strip Tilling, rate per acre 18.73 20.00 12-25 20
Stalk Shredder PTO Driven, rate per acre 12.70 10.00 10-20 10

PLANTING AND POST PLANTING OPERATIONSAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
DRILLING
- Small Grains, conventional drill, rate per acre 14.40 15.00 9-18 20
- Small Grains, no-till drill, rate per acre 17.74 18.00 12-28 59
- Soybeans, conventional drill, rate per acre 16.92 20.00 14-20 12
- Soybeans, no-till drill, rate per acre 18.02 18.00 12-28 49
PLANTING ROW CROPS
- No coulters, with band applicator, rate per acre 19.59 20.00 12-45 49
- No coulters, without band applicator, rate per acre 18.35 15.00 12-40 36
- Coulters, with band applicator, rate per acre 19.70 20.00 13-30 39
- Coulters, without band applicator, rate per acre 18.24 20.00 10-25 34
- Ridge planting, with band applicator, rate per acre 21.12 20.00 10-38 33
- Ridge planting, without band applicator, rate per acre 18.33 18.00 12-28 23
- Dry Edible Beans, rate per acre 22.61 22.00 16-38 9
- Sugarbeets, rate per acre 22.38 24.00 15-30 8
Seeding Grass Seed, rate per acre 18.92 20.00 12-29 13
Seeding Legumes, rate per acre 18.00 15.00 15-24 19
Seeding CRP Ground, rate per acre 19.62 15.00 15-31 13
Cultivation Tillage, conventional, rate per acre 13.25 12.00 10-18 12
Cultivation Tillage, handling residue, rate per acre 12.50 15.00 7-18 20
Cultivation Tillage, hill or ditch, rate per acre 11.21 15.00 7-18 14

HAYING AND BALINGAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Mowing, rate per acre 14.28 10.00 10-20 16
Raking, rate per acre 5.16 5.00 1.50-12 34
Swathing with Crushing/Crimping, rate per hour 117.92 110.00 70-170 13
Swathing with Crushing/Crimping, rate per acre 15.10 15.00 10-20 50
Shredding Cornstalks, rate per acre 16.20 15.00 10-25 10
Raking Cornstalks, rate per acre 8.09 10.00 2-16 11
BALING
- Small Square Bales with Twine Tie, rate per bale 1.16 1.00 0.40-3.50 19
- Small Square Bales With Wire Tie, rate per bale 1.12 0.75 0.40-3.50 10
- Large Square Bales, rate per bale 15.00 20.00 8-20 7
- Large Round Bales Without Net Wrap, rate per bale 13.56 14.00 8-17 33
- Large Round Bales With Net Wrap, rate per bale 14.13 15.00 10-24 48
- Cornstalks With Large Round Baler, rate per bale 15.63 15.00 11-21 23

SMALL GRAIN HARVESTAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Windrowing Grain Crops, rate per acre 16.67 12.00 10.50-30 12
Combining Small Grains, flat charge, rate per acre 31.68 30.00 22-45 36
Hauling Small Grain to Local Storage, cents per bushel 0.14 0.10 0.07-0.26 23

APPLICATION OF FERTILIZERAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Dry Fertilizer Solid Broadcast, rate per acre 6.43 5.00 3.50-10 26
Dry Fertilizer Variable Rate, rate per acre 7.97 6.50 6-10 19
Liquid Fertilizer Solid Application, rate per acre 8.25 7.00 5-15 21
Liquid Fertilizer Variable Rate, rate per acre 9.67 10.00 4.75-16 18
Anhydrous Ammonia, conventional knife, rate per acre 13.30 16.00 5-20 10
Anhydrous Ammonia, knife with coulters, rate per acre 15.18 15.00 9-25 40

INSECT, DISEASE, AND WEED CONTROLAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Spraying Weed Control, boom, rate per acre 6.84 7.00 4.75-10 55
Spraying Weed Control, recirculation, rate per acre 7.23 8.00 5.50-10 13
Crop Spraying by Surface Vehicle, rate per acre 6.94 7.00 4.50-8.50 41

WASTE HANDLINGAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Loading Manure with Tractor & Loader, rate per hour 97.22 90.00 50-200 9
Hauling and Spreading Dry Manure, rate per hour 160.83 120.00 70-375 12

HARVESTING GRAINS & SOYBEANSAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Combining Irrigated Corn, flat rate per acre 38.22 35.00 18-95 101
Combining Irrigated Corn, flat rate per bushel 0.27 0.35 0.08-0.42 18
Combining Dryland Corn, flat rate per acre 34.82 30.00 14-90 123
Combining Dryland Corn, flat rate per bushel 0.24 0.25 0.08-0.37 9
Combining High Moisture Corn, flat rate per acre 42.31 45.00 30-110 45
Combining Soybeans, flat rate per acre 35.40 35.00 20-66 140
Combining Grain Sorghum, without pickup header, flat rate per acre 34.40 35.00 20-45 10

HAULING OPERATIONSAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
HAULING GRAIN
- From Combine with Tractor and Grain Cart, rate per acre 5.27 6.00 2-10 13
- From Combine with Tractor and Grain Cart, rate per bushel 0.08 0.05 0.04-0.18 16
- Grain Truck to Storage or Elevator, flat rate per bushel 0.13 0.10 0.05-0.25 61
- Grain (above 20 miles), additional charge per bushel 0.10 0.10 0.01-0.32 42
- Dry Edible Beans to Storage or Elevator, rate per bushel 0.14 0.12 0.10-0.25 10
Hauling Large Round Bales of Hay or Cornstalks (avg load 18.6 Tons), rate per loaded mile 3.83 4.00 2.50-4.50 10
Hauling Cattle by Semi-trailer Truck (avg load 50,000 lbs), rate per loaded mile 3.89 4.00 2.50-4.50 14

MAKING SILAGE AND EARLAGEAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Corn Silage (field chopping, hauling, filling, packing silo), flat rate per ton 9.25 - 4-15 8
Corn Silage (field chopping and hauling), flat rate per ton 8.06 10.00 5.50-10 8

HAULING SILAGEAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Hauling Silage from Field to Silo by Truck, rate per hour 88.57 100.00 45-100 7
Hauling Silage from Field to Silo by Truck, rate per ton 3.28 3.00 2.75-4.00 7

OTHER CUSTOM SERVICESAverage RateMost CommonRangeNumber Reporting
Drying Grain, per point of moisture removed, rate per bushel 0.04 0.02 0.02-0.10 6
Renting Bin Storage, rate per bushel 0.02 0.03 0.01-0.05 18
Elevating Grain (on farm), rate per bushel 0.03 0.03 0.01-0.10 7
Checking Pivots During Irrigation Season, rate per acre 16.22 10.00 5-25 9
Closing Pivot Tracks, rate per hour 75.50 100.00 25-100 10
Closing Pivot Tracks, rate per pivot 324.67 100.00 100-750 15
Mowing Grass Pasture or CRP, rate per acre 20.13 20.00 5-65 12
Skid Steer Loader Rent, rate per hour 76.39 - 28-135 9
Clearing Cedar Trees, rate per hour 91.36 100.00 45-125 11
Auto Steer System - GPS Mapping, rate per acre 1.94 1.00 1-4 8

 

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Glennis McClure
Associate Extension Educator
Department of Agricultural Economics
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
gmcclure3@unl.edu